Tenth Annual Roadmap Report Grades States on Highway Safety Laws As Crash Deaths Show Increase in 2012
Connecticut Lags Behind New York, New Jersey, and Rhode Island, Among Others
Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety (Advocates) has released the 2013 Roadmap of State Highway Safety Laws, its tenth annual report card grading all 50 states and the District of Columbia on their performance on 15 basic traffic safety laws. This year the report focuses on the new incentive grant programs created under the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act, MAP-21 (Pub. L. 112-141) to encourage state enactment of teen driver licensing laws, all-offender ignition interlock laws, distracted driving laws and occupant protection programs.
“The traffic safety progress we’ve made since 2005 is at risk of being undone,” said Jacqueline Gillan, president of Advocates. “Several states have been moving backwards and most states are not moving at all to enact lifesaving laws. Last year only 10 state highway safety laws were enacted, in contrast to 16 laws passed in 2011 and 22 laws passed in 2010. Now is the time for states to act and get the ‘triple bonus’ of preventing deaths, saving taxpayer dollars, and reaping additional federal dollars available from the MAP-21 grant program. Every state legislature is in session this year and there is no excuse for inaction by Governors and elected leaders.”
Preliminary National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) data show the largest jump in traffic fatalities since 1975, a 7.1 percent increase in crash deaths during the first nine months of 2012 compared to the first nine months of 2011. Every year about 33,000 people are killed and over 2 million more are injured. The federal government estimates that motor vehicle crashes cost society $230 billion every year, equivalent to a “crash tax” of more than $750 for every person.
“In addition to the loss of life and debilitating injuries, there are many other health impacts of traffic crashes, such as costs of medical care and lost work days and productivity,” said Dr. Adewale Troutman, President, American Public Health Association. “These ‘hidden’ health care costs of transportation-related injuries are at an unnecessary and unacceptable level. They are putting undue financial burdens on our families and on our state and federal budgets, and ultimately on taxpayers.”
Among the 15 highway safety laws Advocates evaluated in its 2013 report (available at www.saferoads.org) are seat belt, booster seat and motorcycle helmet measures, in addition to restrictions and requirements for teen drivers, all-driver texting bans and tougher impaired driving laws.
“We know what works to reduce, and eventually eliminate drunk driving from our roads. We now call on state legislatures across the country to do their part,” said Jan Withers, president of Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD).
In this year’s report, states were given one of three ratings based on how many of the 15 optimal laws they have: Green (Good); Yellow (Caution – state needs improvement); and Red (Danger – state falls dangerously behind). Placement in one of the three ratings was based solely on whether or not a state had adopted a law as defined in the report, and not on any evaluation of a state’s highway safety education or enforcement programs.
In all, the best states are New York, District of Columbia, Illinois, Kansas, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, Delaware, Georgia, Rhode Island and Washington. The states with the worst ratings are South Dakota, Mississippi, Arizona, Montana, Nebraska, Wyoming, Iowa, Florida, Missouri, New Hampshire, North Dakota, South Carolina and Texas.
The 2013 report found that an additional 316 new laws need to be adopted in all states and D.C. to fully meet Advocates’ 15 legislative recommendations:
• 18 states still need an optimal primary enforcement seat belt law;
• 31 states still need an optimal all-rider motorcycle helmet law;
• 19 states still need an optimal booster seat law;
• No state meets all the criteria of Advocates’ recommended GDL program (178 laws still needed);
• 40 states and DC are missing one or more critical impaired driving laws (55 laws still needed); and,
• 15 states still need an all-driver text messaging restriction.
Sherry Chapman from Coventry, Ct, president of Mourning Parents Act, Inc. (!MPACT), whose 19-year old son Ryan was killed in 2002 when the car he was riding in as a passenger crashed. “Preventable crashes like the one that killed my son, Ryan, can and must be stopped. Strong teen graduated driver licensing (GDL) laws make a difference. States with comprehensive GDL laws have a 30 percent lower rate of fatal crashes for 15-17 year olds, compared to states with weak laws. It is time for every state to protect every teen driver. Mothers like me will be grateful to our state elected leaders for making our children a priority,” said Chapman.