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Latest Health Research

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Latest Health Research

Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 3 weeks ago
* Click on titles for links to full reports* *Diet* High flavanol diet may lead to lower blood pressure Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 16 hours ago People who consume a diet including flavanol-rich foods and drinks, including tea, apples and berries, could lead to lower blood pressure, according to the first study using objective measures of thousands of UK residents’ diet. The findings, published in *Scientific Reports*, studied the diet of more than 25,000 people in Norfolk, UK and compared what they ate with their blood pressure. In contrast to most other studies in…


 Diet


Restricting meals to early in the day did not affect weight

Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 3 days ago
Restricting meals to early in the day did not affect weight among overweight adults with prediabetes or diabetes, according to preliminary research to be presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2020. The meeting will be held virtually, Friday, November 13 — Tuesday, November 17, 2020. “We have wondered for a long time if when one eats during the day affects the way the body uses and stores energy,” said study author Nisa M. Maruthur, M.D., M.H.S., associate professor of medicine, epidemiology and nursing at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. “Most pr…

Go (over) easy on the eggs: ‘Egg-cess’ consumption linked to diabetes

Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 14 hours ago
UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA Research News SHARE PRINT E-MAIL [image: IMAGE] IMAGE: EAT ONE OR MORE EGGS PER DAY AND YOUR RISK OF DIABETES INCREASES BY 60 PER CENT. view more CREDIT: PIXABAY/MYRUAMS-FOTOS Scrambled, poached or boiled, eggs are a popular breakfast food the world over. Yet the health benefits of the humble egg might not be all they’re cracked up to be as new research from the University of South Australia shows that excess egg consumption can increase your risk of diabetes. Conducted in partnership with the China Medical University, and Qatar University…
Study shows nuts may have anti-inflammatory effects that reduce risk of heart disease
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 6 days ago
Findings from a randomized controlled trial recently published in the *Journal of the American College of Cardiology,* indicate that people in their 60s and 70s who regularly consume walnuts may have reduced inflammation, a factor associated with a lower risk of heart disease, compared to those who do not eat walnuts. The research was part of the Walnuts and Healthy Aging (WAHA) study – the largest and longest trial to date exploring the benefits of daily walnut consumption. In the study, conducted by Dr. Emilio Ros from the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona, in partnership with Loma …
Avoiding inflammatory foods can lower heart disease, stroke risk
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 6 days ago
Study further examines connection between inflammation and heart disease through impact of inflammatory food consumption Diets high in red and processed meat, refined grains and sugary beverages, which have been associated with increased inflammation in the body, can increase subsequent risk of heart disease and stroke compared to diets filled with anti-inflammatory foods according to a study published today in the *Journal of the American College of Cardiology*. A separate JACC study assessed the positive effects eating walnuts, an anti-inflammatory food, had on decreasing inf…
New study shows food rich in omega-3 EPA & ALA can reduce risk of death after heart attack
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 3 weeks ago
A new study published in the *Journal of the American College of Cardiology* found that regular consumption of foods rich in omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), found in marine foods like fatty fish, and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), found in plant foods like walnuts, was associated with improved outcomes in individuals who suffered a heart attack, including decreased risk of death. Additionally, the consumption of both ALA and EPA provided the greatest benefit, suggesting a synergistic effect and unique protective qualities when both types of omega-3 are consumed. The observation…
Artificially sweetened drinks may not be heart healthier than sugary drinks
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 3 weeks ago
Sugary drinks and artificially sweetened beverages are associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease, which suggests artificially sweetened beverages may not be the healthy alternative they are often claimed to be, according to a research letter in the *Journal of the American College of Cardiology*. Research has shown that diets including beverages sweetened with sugar can have a negative impact on cardio-metabolic health. Artificially sweetened drinks have been suggested as a healthier alternative, but their impact on cardiovascular health is not fully known. In thi…
Another reason diet high in red meat and cheese increases risk of cancer
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 3 weeks ago
An international team of researchers has identified a direct molecular link between meat and dairy diets and the development of antibodies in the blood that increase the chances of developing cancer. This connection may explain the high incidence of cancer among those who consume large amounts of dairy products and red meat, similar to the link between high cholesterol and an increased risk of heart disease. The study was led by Dr. Vered Padler-Karavani of the Department of Cell Research and Immunology at the Shmunis School of Biomedicine and Cancer Research at Tel Aviv Univers…

Medicine
Side effects often attributed to statins were the same for those taking a placebo

Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 14 hours ago
American Heart Association Scientific Sessions 2020- Late Breaking Science (LBS.04) AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION Research News SHARE PRINT E-MAIL DALLAS, Nov. 15, 2020 — Among patients who stopped taking their cholesterol-lowering statin medication due to side effects, researchers found the statin may not have been the culprit because patients taking a placebo reported the same side effects, according to late-breaking research presented today at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2020. The virtual meeting is Friday, November 13-Tuesday, November 17, 202…
New study confirms combo pill alone and with aspirin lowers heart disease risk
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 4 days ago
A single, daily pill combining blood pressure and cholesterol medications, along with the addition of a daily dose of aspirin, reduced cardiovascular disease events in people at risk for heart disease, according to late-breaking research presented today in a late-breaking clinical trial presentation at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2020. The virtual conference, held Friday, November 13 – Tuesday, November 17, 2020, is a premier global exchange of the latest scientific advancements, research and evidence-based clinical practice updates in cardiovascular s…
Supplements
Chronic inflammation causes a reduction in NAD+
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 14 hours ago
Institute research links hallmarks of aging: senescent cells activate CD38 which degrades NAD+, a key metabolite implicated in age-related decline NAD+ (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide), a key metabolite central to an efficient and healthy metabolism, declines with age. This previously unexplained phenomena is associated with numerous age-related diseases and has spawned the development of many nutritional supplements aimed at restoring NAD+ to more youthful levels. Publishing in *Nature Metabolism*, researchers at the Buck Institute have identified chronic inflammation as a …

Vitamin D and Omega-3s bolster health in some active older people
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 6 days ago
Wanted: simple and inexpensive prevention Published last year, the VITAL study in the US indicated that vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids did not lower the risk of developing new cancer or major cardiovascular diseases in men and women aged between 50 and 60. Now, the largest European study on old age, DO-HEALTH, has investigated the effects of these supplements on aging. The EU-funded project is led by Heike A. Bischoff-Ferrari, professor of geriatric medicine and aging research at the University of Zurich, head of clinic at the UniversityHospital Zurich and senior physician at …

Aspirin use best for those with high coronary calcium, low risk of bleeding
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 2 weeks ago
An X-ray test commonly used to assess hardening of the arteries could help doctors decide whether the benefits of taking aspirin to prevent a first heart attack or stroke outweigh the risks of bleeding from its use, UT Southwestern research suggests. The findings, published online today in *JAMA Cardiology*, could give doctors and patients more concrete guidelines for making this important decision. Due to its anti-clotting properties, aspirin is widely prescribed as a preventive measure to patients who have already had cardiovascular events, such as a heart attack or ischemic s…
Vitamin D levels during pregnancy linked with child IQ
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 2 weeks ago
Vitamin D is a critical nutrient and has many important functions in the body. A mother’s vitamin D supply is passed to her baby in utero and helps regulate processes including brain development. A study published today in *The Journal of Nutrition*showed that mothers’ vitamin D levels during pregnancy were associated with their children’s IQ, suggesting that higher vitamin D levels in pregnancy may lead to greater childhood IQ scores. The study also identified significantly lower levels of vitamin D levels among Black pregnant women. Melissa Melough, the lead author of the stu…
New study shows food rich in omega-3 EPA & ALA can reduce risk of death after heart attack
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 3 weeks ago
A new study published in the *Journal of the American College of Cardiology* found that regular consumption of foods rich in omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), found in marine foods like fatty fish, and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), found in plant foods like walnuts, was associated with improved outcomes in individuals who suffered a heart attack, including decreased risk of death. Additionally, the consumption of both ALA and EPA provided the greatest benefit, suggesting a synergistic effect and unique protective qualities when both types of omega-3 are consumed. The observation…

Aspirin use reduces risk of death in hospitalized patients
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 3 weeks ago
Hospitalized COVID-19 patients who were taking a daily low-dose aspirin to protect against cardiovascular disease had a significantly lower risk of complications and death compared to those who were not taking aspirin, according to a new study led by researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM). Aspirin takers were less likely to be placed in the intensive care unit (ICU) or hooked up to a mechanical ventilator, and they were more likely to survive the infection compared to hospitalized patients who were not taking aspirin, The study, published today in t…


Exercise
Masks don’t impair lung function during physical activity
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 14 hours ago
While they might feel uncomfortable, researchers report facemasks do not significantly change the actual work of breathing or the flow of oxygen and carbon dioxide when worn while exercising UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA – SAN DIEGO Research News SHARE PRINT E-MAIL Wearing a facemask helps limit the spread of COVID-19 by reducing respiratory droplets and aerosols spewed into the air when people breathe, talk, laugh, sneeze or cough. But the physical barrier created by masks has prompted concerns that they might impair the cardiopulmonary system by making it harder to breathe,…
Bursts of exercise can lead to significant improvements in indicators of metabolic health
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 14 hours ago
A new study identifies potential mechanisms that could contribute to a better understanding of cardiometabolic benefits of exercise. MASSACHUSETTS GENERAL HOSPITAL Research News SHARE PRINT E-MAIL BOSTON – Short bursts of physical exercise induce changes in the body’s levels of metabolites that correlate to, and may help gauge, an individual’s cardiometabolic, cardiovascular and long-term health, a study by Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) has found. In a paper published in *Circulation*, the research team describes how approximately 12 minutes of acute cardiopulmonary…
Healthy sleep habits help lower risk of heart failure
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 14 hours ago
Adults with the healthiest sleep patterns had a 42% lower risk of heart failure regardless of other risk factors compared to adults with unhealthy sleep patterns, according to new research published today in the American Heart Association’s flagship journal *Circulation*. Healthy sleep patterns are rising in the morning, sleeping 7-8 hours a day and having no frequent insomnia, snoring or excessive daytime sleepiness. Heart failure affects more than 26 million people, and emerging evidence indicates sleep problems may play a role in the development of heart failure. This observat…

General Health
A few kilograms weight loss nearly halves the risk of diabetes
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 14 hours ago
Losing a few kilograms in weight almost halves people’s risk of developing Type 2 diabetes – according to a large scale research study led by the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital and the University of East Anglia. A new study published in the international journal *JAMA Internal Medicine* shows how providing support to help people with prediabetes make small changes to their lifestyle, diet and physical activity can almost halve the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The findings come from the Norfolk Diabetes Prevention Study (NDPS) – the largest diabetes prevention resea…
Weekly physical activity may help prevent mild cognitive impairment conversion to dementia
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 4 days ago
Exercising more than once per week is associated with a lower risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease in patients with mild cognitive impairment, research published in the open access journal *Alzheimer’s Research and Therapy* suggests. Mild cognitive impairment is a condition that causes people to have more problems with memory and thinking than is normal for someone their age. People with mild cognitive impairment have a ten-fold higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease than the general population. A team of researchers from Yonsei University College of Medicine, Republic …
Older adults are at greater risk of cardiovascular events than younger people, and benefit from statins
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 5 days ago
xx – An observational study finds risk of heart attack and cardiovascular disease is highest in people aged 70 and over with elevated levels of LDL cholesterol, compared to younger age groups, and estimates the number needed to treat with statins to prevent one heart attack in five years is lowest in people aged 70 to 100 years. – A separate systematic review and meta-analysis including data from more than 21,000 people aged 75 years and older finds LDL cholesterol-lowering therapies (including statins) are as effective at reducing cardiovascular even…
Cornea appears to resist infection from novel coronavirus
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 6 days ago
New findings from researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis suggest the eye’s cornea can resist infection from the novel coronavirus. Although the herpes simplex virus can infect the cornea and spread to other parts of the body in patients with compromised immune systems, and Zika virus has been found in tears and corneal tissue, SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, does not appear to replicate in the human cornea. The researchers have yet to determine, however, whether other tissue in and around the cornea, such as the tear ducts and the conjunc…
Some of the principal treatments for osteoporosis could reduce the incidence of COVID-19
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 1 week ago
Some of the principal treatments for osteoporosis, denosumab, zoledronate and calcium, could have a protective effect against COVID-19 in patients who take them, specifically a 30 to 40% reduction in the rate of infection, according to the results of a joint study by Hospital del Mar, the Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute (IMIM), Pompeu Fabra University and the Pere Virgili Health Park. The study, the first of its kind in the world, has just been published the journal *Aging*. The last author of the study, Dr. Jordi Monfort, head of Rheumatology at Hospital del Mar and c…
Hot or cold, weather alone has no significant effect on COVID-19 spread
Jonathan Kantrowitz, Health News Report – 2 weeks ago
UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN Research News SHARE PRINT E-MAIL [image: IMAGE] IMAGE: A STUDY LED BY UT AUSTIN PROFESSOR DEV NIYOGI HAS FOUND THAT TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY DO NOT PLAY A SIGNIFICANT ROLE IN CORONAVIRUS SPREAD. view more CREDIT: IAN DOLPHIN. At the onset of the coronavirus pandemic, there were high hopes that hot summer temperatures could reduce its spread. Although summer didn’t bring widespread relief, the connection between the weather and COVID-19 continues to be a hot topic. The link between weather and COVID-19 is complicated. Weather influences the …